Greg Garrett: The Anglican Way: Spiritual and Communal


It is evening, and the shadows are falling fast. Outside, it may already be dark; inside, we sit in candlelight.

"Oh God, make speed to save us," a lone voice chants, and others join in, their notes echoing in the great open space, "Oh Lord, make haste to help us."

It could be Sunday night in my home parish in Austin, St. David's Episcopal, where the choir is singing a prayer service called Compline. It could be any evening at the National Cathedral, in Washington D.C., when choral Evensong is being offered to God. It could be late afternoon in Canterbury Cathedral, or Westminster Abbey, or one of the college chapels at Cambridge or Oxford. Wherever you hear it, sung evening prayer is one of the most beautiful and distinctive elements of Anglican faith and practice. Since the Book of Common Prayer was first released in 1549, choirs in England and across the rest of the Anglican world have sung a moving service of prayer and thanksgiving at day's end.

It's a service that was created during times of great uncertainty and turmoil - we still use prayers that ask God to protect us through the night - and this great gift of Anglican worship continues to speak to us in our own uncertainty and turmoil.

Episcopalians are Anglican - that is, they are part of the Anglican Communion, a worldwide gathering of national churches under the leadership of the Archbishop of Canterbury. The various members of the Communion around the world vary widely in their stances on social, cultural, and theological questions. If you were to ask members of the Anglican Church in Canada and of the Church of Nigeria (who might even tell you they no longer consider themselves part of the Anglican Communion) how they feel about women in ministry, or about gays in the Church, you are liable to get deeply contradictory answers.

But whatever we may believe about liturgy or gay marriage or feeding the poor or proper church music, we all have one thing in common: we all partake of the prayer book tradition that sprouts from Thomas Cranmer's original Book of Common Prayer.

It's spiritually important to be reminded that we are part of something bigger than ourselves with the prayer book at its heart. Americans in particular place a great value on rugged individualism, and are prone to take our ball and go home when we don't like the way the game is going. Phyllis Tickle often says that the IRS recognizes over 20,000 Protestant denominations - each of them the result of a group of churchgoers taking their ball and going home. But, despite our own examples of priests, parishes, and even the occasional whole diocese trying to flee the denomination, Episcopalians belong to a tradition that calls us to play together - and if possible to play nice - because when we do, something truly beautiful happens.

The Rev. David Sugeno (who serves an Episcopal parish in the Texas Hill Country) and I used to play guitar together in seminary. Together with the Rev. Cathy Boyd (who serves alongside David in Marble Falls), we would lead worship or play concerts or entertain at parties or just sit down to jam together. Although we favored somewhat different kinds of music, we chose to play together. When we sang together, we gave up our solo careers singing lead and allowed ourselves to create a wondrous harmony of voices and chords you can only get when you have spent time playing with somebody and have learned to trust and maybe even to love them.

I still remember that what emerged from our time playing together was the kind of music you can only make when you feel secure enough to be yourself, the kind of music you can only make when you trust your fellow singers, the kind of music that only emerges out of true community.

That's why I thought it somehow appropriate that it was Dave Sugeno who asked me a formative question when I was asked to write a book on the Episcopal Church that we called My Church Is Not Dying: "Why is it important that we come from an English tradition?"

Immediately I thought about the rugged individualism I mentioned above. Americans are solo artists; our heroes are lone wolves. Rambo and Batman are two of our archetypal American heroes, and they represent our belief that a single person who tries hard enough can succeed at anything. But when you look at English stories - the epic adventures of Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and Hermione, or the cases of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson - they suggest a different way of seeing the world in which we need each other to thrive and survive, in which we are all a part of something rather than exceptions to it. If our great novels are about singular individuals who are trying to become who they want to be (as in Huck Finn or The Great Gatsby), British literature and culture tends to ask how human beings fit into society rather than how they can be outside of it, unchained from it. It's a wholly different way of seeing ourselves and the world.

In this respect, Dave's question suggests that there might be a number of fruitful reasons it is important that we come from an English tradition, the first of which must be that it reminds us that we are meant to be part of a larger whole. American religion too often emphasizes individual belief and religious experience.

Some of our Christian brothers and sisters, for example, foreground the importance of taking Jesus as one's "personal lord and savior," of having what they call a personal relationship with Jesus Christ.

Others flit from church to church seeking the one place that will perfectly match them and their beliefs.

Others still treat faith and spirituality as a smorgasbord from which they can take a little Buddhist mindfulness, a sprinkle of Islamic charity, a pinch of Benedictine order, and roll it all into wisdom they use for their own personal advancement. Churches or religious institutions become simply means to the end of individual salvation or enlightenment.

The Anglican tradition stands in contrast to the purely personal spirituality practiced by many Americans. Our tradition is broad, and it encompasses many practices and beliefs, but it also still suggests that the heart of human spirituality is not personal advancement but common praise, that we are saved not in our own bodies, but in corporate bodies.

Bishop of Texas Andy Doyle notes that as Episcopalians, "we believe that it is in Christian fellowship that we come to know Jesus in the power of the Holy Spirit, and that such stories are translated and interpreted through the eyes of worship and scripture...through fellowship, we discover our salvation."

The importance of community - that we are saved by and for each other, not by and for ourselves - is an ancient idea. St. Anthony the Great, the founder of desert monasticism, was surrounded by hermits who had fled civilization to seek enlightenment, but he knew that even for such radical individualists as the Desert Fathers and Mothers, "Our life and our death is with our neighbor. If we gain our brother, we have gained God, but if we scandalize our brother, we have sinned against Christ." That lesson is approaching two thousand years old, and many American Christians still have not learned it. But for those of us who descend from the Church of England, reminders appear daily in our liturgy, in our diversity, and in our commitment to common prayer.

We are spiritual.

We are religious.

And we are called to be those things in community.


From Greg's blog at

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